Joseph Gay-Lussac Essay

Joseph Gay-Lussac was a French chemist and physicist, given birth to at St . Léonard, inside the department of Haute Vienne, on the sixth of 12 , 1778. He was the elder son of Antoine Gay, procureur man roi and judge in Pont-de-Noblac, who assumed the name Lussac from a small real estate he had in the neighborhood of St . Léonard. Young Gay-Lussac received his early education at home beneath the direction from the abbé Bourdieux and other masters, and in 1794 was delivered to Paris to organize for the École Polytechnique, into which in turn he was publicly stated at the end of 1797 after a brilliant exam. Three years later on he was used in the École des Ponts et Chaussées, and shortly afterwards was assigned to C. T. Berthollet, who also wanted a great able college student to help in his researches. The brand new assistant not possibly came about expectations in respect of confirming certain theoretical opinions of his master's by the experiments collection him accordingly, and appears to have explained the difference without hold; but Berthollet nevertheless quickly recognized the ability displayed, and showed his appreciation not merely by desiring to be Gay-Lussac's " daddy in science", but also by making him in 1807 an original person in the Socité d'Arcueil. In 1802 having been appointed demonstrator to Antoine François Fourcroy at the École Polytechnique, wherever subsequently (1809) he started to be professor of chemistry, and from 1808 to 1832 he was teacher of physics at the Sorbonne, a content which he only resigned for the chair of chemistry on the Jardin des Plantes. In 1831 he was elected to symbolize Haute Vienne in the holding chamber of deputies, and in 1839 he moved into the holding chamber of colleagues. He perished in Rome on the ninth of May possibly 1850. Gay-Lussac's earlier researches were typically physical in character and referred largely to the real estate of gases, vapor-tensions, hygrometry, capillarity, and so forth In his 1st memoir (Ann. de Chimie, 1802) he showed that different gases are dilated in the same proportion the moment heated by 0° to 100°C. Evidently he would not know of Ruben Dalton's experiments on the same level, which certainly were faraway from accurate; however in a note he explained that " le cit. Charles avait remarqué depuis 12-15 ans la même propriété dans ces gaz; cependant n'ayant tout jamais publié ses résultats, c'est par beaucoup grand capital que jou les ai connus. " In consequence of his candor in thus rescuing via oblivion the observation which usually his guy citizen did not think really worth publishing, his name is sometimes dissociated from this rules, which rather is known as regarding Charles. In 1804 he had an opportunity of prosecuting his researches about air in somewhat unconventional conditions, pertaining to the French Academy, desirous of securing several observations within the force of terrestrial magnetism at wonderful elevations above the earth, through Claude-Louis Berthollet and J. E. Chaptal obtained the use of the balloon which usually had been used in Egypt, and entrusted the task to him and J. B. Biot. In their first ascent from the garden in the Conservatoire des Arts for the 24th of August 1804 an arete of four thousand meters (about 13, 1000 ft. ) was obtained. But this elevation was not considered enough by Gay-Lussac, who therefore made a second ascent on his own on the 16th of September, when the balloon rose 7016 metres (about 23, 500 ft. ) above marine level. With this height, together with the thermometer tagging 9. your five degrees under freezing, he remained for any considerable time, making observations not merely on magnetism, but as well on the temperatures and humidity of the surroundings, and collecting several samples of air in different levels. The magnetic observations, though imperfect, led him towards the conclusion which the magnetic effect at all achievable elevations over a earth's surface remains regular; and on studying the samples of air this individual could find zero difference of composition at different levels. On the very first of Oct in the same year, together with Alexander vonseiten Humboldt, he read a paper upon eudiometric research (Ann. para Chim., 1805), which covered the germ...

Cited: Firm, C. (n. d. ). Joseph-louis gay-lussac. Retrieved coming from chemistry discussed website: www.chemistryexplained.com

Commission, C. (n. deb. ). Paul gay-lussac. Retrieved from U. S. C of Air travel Commission site: www.centennialofflight.gov

Company, W. (n. d. ). Gay-lussac -- scientist. Gathered from Woodrow website: www.woodrow.org



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